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Computer Full-Form started from B

Computer Full-Form started from B

Full Form Of BIOS is

(BIOS) Basic Input Output System

More About BIOS:
–> BIOS stand for Basic Input Output System. It is built-in software. It is the first software run by the computer when you turned on your computer system. This software is usually stored in Read Only Memory (ROM) and located on the motherboard. In modern computer systems, the BIOS contents are stored in a flash memory. It is not possible for an operating system to continue without BIOS as it is the BIOS that loads the drivers of the hard disk and primary portions of the operating system like MBR, FAT, GPT etc, into the memory to enable the operating system to continue loading itself.

[Activities performed by BIOS:]
* BIOS handles the power management and initialize registers.
* It checks and loads the device drivers and interrupts handlers to the RAM.
* It is used to display system settings.
* BIOS specifies the devices that are Bootable.
* BIOS initializes the Bootstrap sequence.


Full Form Of BARC is

(BARC) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

More About BARC:
–> BARC stands for Bhaba Atomic Research Center. It is a premier nuclear research centre in India. It is located in Trombay, Mumbai. Its main job is to find out the peaceful applications of nuclear energy particularly in the area of power generation and utilization. As of 2016, Mr. K. N. Vyas is the Director of BARC. He is a Mechanical Engineering graduate from Maharaja Sayajirao (MS) University of Vadodara.

–> BARC also conducts research on spent fuel processing (used nuclear fuel processing), disposal of nuclear waste, agriculture, and medicine, etc. It is also responsible for the smooth functioning of various nuclear reactors in the country.


Full Form Of BFG is

(BFG) BFG Technologies

More About BFG:
BFG Technologies was a privately held U.S.-based supplier of power supplies and video cards based on NVIDIA graphics technology and a manufacturer of high-end gaming/home theater computer systems. BFG Technologies branded products were available in North America and Europe at retailers and e-tailers.
Headquarters: Lake Forest, Illinois, United States
Founded: 2001
Defunct: September 2010


Full Form Of BIOS is

(BIOS) Basic Input Output System

More About BIOS:
–> BIOS stand for Basic Input Output System. It is built-in software. It is the first software run by the computer when you turned on your computer system. This software is usually stored in Read Only Memory (ROM) and located on the motherboard. In modern computer systems, the BIOS contents are stored in a flash memory. It is not possible for an operating system to continue without BIOS as it is the BIOS that loads the drivers of the hard disk and primary portions of the operating system like MBR, FAT, GPT etc, into the memory to enable the operating system to continue loading itself.

[Activities performed by BIOS:]
* BIOS handles the power management and initialize registers.
* It checks and loads the device drivers and interrupts handlers to the RAM.
* It is used to display system settings.
* BIOS specifies the devices that are Bootable.
* BIOS initializes the Bootstrap sequence.


Full Form Of BARC is

(BARC) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

More About BARC:
–> BARC stands for Bhaba Atomic Research Center. It is a premier nuclear research centre in India. It is located in Trombay, Mumbai. Its main job is to find out the peaceful applications of nuclear energy particularly in the area of power generation and utilization. As of 2016, Mr. K. N. Vyas is the Director of BARC. He is a Mechanical Engineering graduate from Maharaja Sayajirao (MS) University of Vadodara.

–> BARC also conducts research on spent fuel processing (used nuclear fuel processing), disposal of nuclear waste, agriculture, and medicine, etc. It is also responsible for the smooth functioning of various nuclear reactors in the country.


Full Form Of BASIC is

(BASIC) Begineer’s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

More About BASIC:
–> BASIC is one of the simplest and earliest high-level programming language supports in all operating systems. John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz designed original BASIC language DartmouthBasic in 1964, with the purpose that all students should be able to use the computers in every field. As at that time, use of computer requires custom software which was not easy to learn for ordinary people. With the introduction of BASIC, people started developing custom software on their personnel computer for their business, profession, etc. Nowadays, BASIC is only used to teach the fundamentals of programming. It uses numbers like 10, 20, 30 in the starting of each line to process the instructions.

–> QuickBasic (QB) is the compiler for the BASIC developed by Microsoft in 1985 which runs mainly on DOS.

[History]
–> DartmouthBasic was implemented under their direction by a team of students of Dartmouth College. It was mainly designed for the people who were not from the mathematical background.
–> Earlier it was made available free of cost for the language to become popular. To promote the language among students they made it available in schools. In 1960s it became chargeable.

[VISUAL BASIC]
–> Visual Basic (VB) came into existence in 1991 by Microsoft. It was an evolution of QuickBasic including many other languages. BASIC, treated as a beginner’s language was helpful in creating small applications and was considered very much stable. Microsoft introduced VBScript in 1996 and Visual Basic .NET in 2001 which resembles Java and C# but have syntax that of original basic language.


Full Form Of BNC is

(BNC) Bayonet-Neill-Concelman or British Navel Connector

More About BNC:
–> BNC is a type of connector used with coaxial cables such as the RG-58 A/U cable used with the 10Base-2 Ethernet system. The basic BNC connector is a male type mounted at each end of a cable. This connector has a center pin connected to the center cable conductor and a metal tube connected to the outer cable shield. A rotating ring outside the tube locks the cable to any female connector.

–> BNC T-connectors (used with the 10Base-2 system) are female devices for connecting two cables to a network interface card (NIC). A BNC barrel connector allows connecting two cables together.

–> BNC connectors can also be used to connect some monitors, which increases the accuracy of the signals sent from the video adapter.


Full Form Of BRI is

(BRI) Basic Rate Interface

More About BRI:
–> Basic Rate Interface (BRI) is one of the two levels of services provided by Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN). BRI is made for home and small-scale enterprise use. It consists of two bearer channels (B channels) and one data channel (D channel) for transmission of data. The B channel carries data, voice, and other services, while the D channel carries controlling and signaling data.

–> ISDN has enabled the reliable transmission of data where multiple users can make use of the service lines at the same time. This network architecture is economical for small industries and homes where dedicated lines, modems and cabling expenses must be kept low. A bearer channel has a bit rate of 64 Kbps, whereas a data channel is 16 Kbps. Two bearer channels can be combined by channel bonding to give an aggregated data rate of 128 Kbps. B channels have dedicated bandwidth and transmit data via a formatted and circuit-switched channel, whereas D channels transmit data in the form of packets. The format of data communication in the D channel has become the basic type of frame relay.


Full Form Of BTX is

(BTX) Balanced Technology eXtended

More About BTX:
–> Balanced Technology eXtended, BTX is a motherboard form factor first announced by Intel on September 17, 2003 as a replacement for ATX. BTX was later revised to 1.0a, which was released in February 2004. The BTX features a low profile, more efficient layout to facilitate cooling, a scalable board to accommodate different system sizes, and support for high-mass motherboard components. In September 2006, Intel announced that it was stopping all future development of BTX.


Computer Full-Form started from C

Computer Full-Form started from C

Full Form Of CAS is

(CAS) Column Address Signal

More About CAS:
–> Column Address Select or Column Access Strobe (Signal), CAS is a signal that your CPU or other hardware device such as a video card sends to the RAM. The signal contains information about what column in computer memory has the data being requested.

–> The CL (CAS latency) is the total time it takes a memory controller to send a request to and receive a response from a memory column.


Full Form Of CD is

(CD) Compact Disc

More About CD:
–> A compact disc is a flat, small-rounded recordable device which can store upto 700mb data. It has a diameter of 4.75 inch. It is portable, hence, they can be taken anywhere according to one?s need. We can run a CD uncountable time as its quality does not degrade with time and long last. CDs can store any type of data like audio, video, text, pictures, etc in digital format. The data is stored in the form of small notches on the disc and when the disc is played the data is read by a laser from an optical drive.

–> Credit of inventing a CD can’t be given to a single person, as every part of the CD has been discovered by different individuals. Although James Russell is the most attributed inventor of the CD. He discovered it in 1965 and the patent of CD was sold to the Sony and Philips Company which made it publicly on May 17, 1978 in Japan and by 1983 it further went on to US and Europe. The first CD was produced on 17 August 1982 at the Philips factory in Germany.


Full Form Of CD-RW is

(CD-RW) Compact Disk Re-Writer

More About CD-RW:
–> Stands for “Compact Disc Re-Writable.” A CD-RW is a blank CD that can be written to by a CD burner. Unlike a CD-R (CD-Recordable), a CD-RW can be written to multiple times. The data burned on a CD-RW cannot be changed, but it can be erased.


Full Form Of CD-ROM is

(CD-ROM) Compact Disk – Read Only Memory

More About CD-ROM:
–> A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc that contains data. Computers can read—but not write to or erase—CD-ROMs, i.e. it is a type of read-only memory. During the 1990s, CD-ROMs were popularly used to distribute software and data for computers and fourth generation video game consoles.
Capacity: 194 MiB (8 cm), 650–900 MiB (12 cm)
Read mechanism: 600-780nm laser diode, 150 KiB/s (1×), 10,800 KiB/s (72×)
Standard: ISO/IEC 10149
Write mechanism: Pressed mold
Usage: Data storage


Full Form Of CMOS is

(CMOS) Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

More About CMOS:
–> A complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) consists of a pair of semiconductors connected to a common secondary voltage such that they operate in opposite (complementary) fashion. Thus, when one transistor is turned on, the other is turned off, and vice versa.


Full Form Of CPU is

(CPU) Central Processing Unit

More About CPU:
–> CPU stands for Central Processing Unit. It is also known as a brain of the computer. It carries out instructions and computer programs and performs all the basic arithmetical and logical operations. CPU is installed in the motherboard on a specific area known as CPU socket.

–> Traditionally the term CPU refers to a processor which includes control unit and arithmetical logical unit.

Components of CPUs
Arithmetical Logic Unit: This is a key part of the CPU. This is responsible of performing all the logical and arithmetical operations.
Control Unit: It is the most important part of the CPU. It instructs the complete computer system to carry out a particular task.
Registers: Registers are the special type of memory devices. They store the data that have to be processed and already processed by the processor.


Full Form Of CAD is

(CAD) Computer Aided Design

More About CAD:
–> CAD is software used by the engineers, architects, artists, drafters to make technical illustration in two-dimensional (2D) and in three-dimensional (3D). It is a combination of hardware and software that makes engineer to design everything. It provides the facility to view a design from any angle and to zoom in or out for a closure or a distant look respectively. Moreover, when a designer makes a change in the design, all the values depending on that change, changes automatically according to that.

–> Earlier until mid 1980s, CAD systems were differently constructed computers but now you can purchase CAD software an can run on your personnel desktop.

* To design the layout of physical components of manufactured products using 2D or 3D.
* Used in designing of space vehicles, aircrafts, missiles and satellites.
* Architectures use CAD for the building purposes. They use 2D for the floor plans and 3d for the schematics of houses.
* Used in designing of auto components such as tires, engines, etc.
* Used in cartography to design climate, road and topographic maps.


Full Form Of COBOL is

(COBOL) Common Business Oriented Language

More About COBOL:
–> COBOL stands for Common Business Oriented Language. COBOL is a high-level programming language designed for the business applications. It is the second oldest programming language as FORTRAN is the oldest. It was created jointly by the private sector and the U.S. government to fulfill two objectives: portability and readability. It was suitable for business applications that run on large computers. COBOL programs use regular English language and everything is clearly spelled out which makes it easily understandable and much longer in comparison to the same program written in another language.


Full Form Of CCD is

(CCD) Charged Coupled Device

More About CCD:
–> A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, such as conversion into a digital value. This is achieved by “shifting” the signals between stages within the device one at a time.


Full Form Of CDFS is

(CDFS) Compact Disc File System

More About CDFS:
–> The Compact Disc File System (CDFS) is a file system for read-only and write-once CD-ROMs developed by Simson Garfinkel and J. Spencer Love at the MIT Media Lab between 1985 and 1986. The file system provided for the creation, modification, renaming and deletion of files and directories on a write-once media.


Full Form Of CNR is

(CNR) Communication Network Riser

More About CNR:
–> Communication and Network Riser, CNR is a specification that supports Audio, Modem, USB, and LAN interfaces of core logic chipsets. CNR slot technology was introduced by Intel on February 7, 2000. It was mainly developed by leading hardware and software developers who helped release the AMR (Audio Modem Riser) slot.

–> Today, this slot is no longer found on motherboards and was replaced with PCI only motherboards and motherboards with PCIe.


Full Form Of CRT is

(CRT) Cathode-Ray Tube

More About CRT:
–> CRT stands for Cathode Ray Tube. It is a vacuum tube containing one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, which is used in traditional computer’s display and in Television. It works by moving electrons from the back of the tube towards the display screen where it collides with the phosphorous. When the electrons hit the phosphorous, they light up and are projected on the screen.

–> The colour shown on the screen is produced by three lights Red, Green and Blue and often referred to as RGB. When a speaker or other magnetic devices are kept close to a CRT monitor, interference is produced.

–> This is due to the Magnetic charges which guides the way of electrons. LCDs and flat screens don’t face this problem as they don’t use magnetic charges. Tube is also absent, due to which they look much thinner than CRT monitors. LCD display is almost matchable with the quality of CRT monitors which is why they are replacing them from both consumer as well as professional market.

[Applications of CRT]
* It is used in cathode ray oscilloscope.
* It is used as a display device in radar.
* It is used in televisions and monitors

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